Ancient fruits do not need many treatments, being varieties that nature has selected thanks to
their adaptability, hardiness, and greater resistance to diseases and being characterized by
incomparable flavours and scents.
When leaves fall, we suggest copper-based treatments, useful to cicatrize wounds, branches cancers,
gummosis etc.
Before the flowering – when buds seem pink buttons, they grow bigger and give the first opening
signs – we suggest just one treatment on drupaceae and pomaceae with white oil combined with an
insecticide; this way many diseases can be prevented.
Cocerning drupaceae, especially peach and apricot trees, to fight monilinia we can adopt – also
during the flowering – treatments with fungicides, which don't interefere with the bees' work and
don't damage other useful insects.
The treatment against monilinia needs to be carried out when the 20% of the flowers is almost open.
During the last years there have been heavy rains in spring time: in this case it would be appropriate
to repeat the treatment when the 80% of the flowers is open.
After the flowering has taken place, check the aphids with a pyrethrum-based insecticide combined
with a fungicide to control the monilinia (fungus). In case of rainy years, it is convenient to repeat
this treatment, always remembering to respect the shortage period on varieties that are the first to
get ripe.
Regarding pomaceae and the walnut-tree, from May to June we must take care of the carpocapsa
(worm) with a specific insecticide. Another valid method against fruit worms is the use of sexual
confusion traps; with this method we can respect even more the environment.
During very rainy years, some apple tree varieties are more sensible to the scab and it is sufficient
to treat them more frequently with a copper-based fungicide.
Also in case of cherry trees – against gummosis, flies and aphids – we suggest copper-based
products with natural pyrethrum.
On the drupaceae (apricot, peach, plum trees), we recommend some additional treatment with
copper-based products, non-toxic but useful to prevent and cure, also used in the biological
agriculture.
Unless in case of special needs, the required treatments are on average 5 or 6, distributed among the
months of February, early March, end of April, end of May, in summer for worms and then when
leaves fall, compared to the more than 30 treatments that are normally carried out in the modern
fruit-growing.
Our experience gave us the chance to learn that using the copper sulphate we can avoid several
problems to plants.For what concerns the vine, we know that it is commonly affected by downy mildew but also
powdery mildew, botrytis, etc.; in this case we need to intervene with copper-based products with
the addition of sulfur.
Moreover, there are vine varieties – the so called biological ones – that do not need any treatment;
our firm has retrieved about twenty of them.
We remind you to always use treatments on sunny days and never during the hottest hours of the
day. If it rains, it is necessary to repeat the treatment.
We also recommend to always avoid the do-it-yourself and in case of doubt, to contact the nursery
or an expert of the farmers' union of your area.