For the planting of a single plant, it is important to prepare a hole of 50x50x50 cm a month before
the transplanting and leave it open, so that the soil gets refined, in order to avoid gaps between it
and the roots and favour the adhesion of the soil particles to the roots. In case there were previously
other fruit bearing trees on the same soil, we suggest to dust the hole with quicklime to eliminate
any fungus that may be in that area.
I never suggest to use fertilizers when planting; you can eventually consider – depending on the soil
characteristics – to add universal mould or sand, to be mixed with the soil on site.
If the soil is clayey, I suggest to dig a deeper hole in the ground and place at the bottom of it some
flakes of plaster or lapillus, to permit a good drainage and avoid any roots' rot.
We are talking about ancient fruits, so why not using also in the planting process an old method like
the 'root dipping' (also called pralinage)? This technique reduces the roots' transpiration, helping the
plant to overcome the transplanting stress, as there is immediately a contact between the earth and
the roots.
In a recipient containing 40-50 liters of water you should dissolve 4-5 kg of clay, 3-4 kg of bovine
manure or peat and 50 gr of Bordeaux mixture. Then, after the plants are immersed in this mixture,
you can proceed with the planting. 
When placing a new plant in the hole, it is important to remember that the collar (which is where
roots begin) must be at the level (if not higher) of the ground level.
A suggestion for cherry and peach trees: their roots can't stand stagnation, so when planting them, it
is recommended to keep them as much on the surface as possible, so that the roots do not remain in
the humid soil, especially if it is clayey.
Before planting a new plant it is necessary to shorten the roots, also cutting any broken or ruined
ones; then, one must proceed with the first pruning, shortening the branches starting from the
central ones to start giving the desired shape to the plant.The plants with naked roots (astoni) can be planted from late autumn to spring; those in vase can be
planted all year round.
We should not underestimate the importance of the support, which is a stake that being bound to the
plant with a plastic tube, prevents the plant to be moved by the wind. In summertime, it is necessary
to water it weekly, except with particular weather conditions.
During the first year of transplanting, it is important to move the soil around the plant to avoid the
growth of weeds and check the presence of aphids.
For those who want to create a small orchard, during July-August it is useful to plough the whole
soil 60/70 cm deep, then fertilizing it with mature manure (50 q for 1000 sq m).
In September we procede with the milling and subsequently with the staking out, being careful to
create with the plough the so called “humpback” – which is the raised part of the ground where the
fruits' row will be planted – to avoid the formation of stagnant water.